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Aero Allergy Diagnosis and Treatment

AERO-ALLERGEN DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT

Person inherits allergic genes from parents so it is genetically transmitted disease. Person having genes of allergy develop allergy to anything entering the body through air, food or water. The allergens present in the air (Aeroallergens) are inhaled by all the people living in that area but only persons who have allergic genes develop allergic diseases. One can develop allergies in any age from a few months old to age of 80 or more. Common aero allergens are Pollens, Dust, Molds, Insects, and Animal dander, Chemicals like pesticides, perfumes and paints. We diagnose the aeroallergens with the Skin Prick Tests.

Instructions for patients:-

  • Patient should call the front desk for appointment
  • He should not take anti allergic medicines for one week before the
  •  He should avoid Ventollin and Steroids before tests for 48 hrs before the appointment date
  • He should not wear perfumes when visiting the Allergy & Asthma Center since the perfumes aggravate the asthma of the patients having allergies

SKIN PRICK TEST

  • First the skin of the fore arm of the patient is cleaned with the alcohol swab or Zephrine
  • Names of the aero allergens to be tested written with ball point on forearm
  • drops of particular allergen placed against the name written and pricked with disposable device
  • Dried with the disposable tissue paper pad
  • Patient waits for 12 minutes and then results are read visually and recorded
  • According to the skin prick test results vaccines are prepared.

According to recommendations of World Allergy Organization and AAAAI the allergy shots should be taken for 3 years and those people who take for 3 years are free of symptoms for about 15 to20years.

The allergy shots are as follwos:-

-SCIT (Sub Cutaneous Immuno Therapy) in the form of weekly or bi weekly subcutaneous injections.

-SLIT (Sub Lingual Immuno Therapy) or OAV (Oral Allergy Vaccine). Take with special dispenser once a day early in the morning sublingually (under the tongue) according to instructions (pls see video)

-EPD (Enzyme Potentiated Desensitization). It is give once every two months or three monthss

LIST OF THE AERO ALLERGENS TO BE TESTED WITH SKIN PRICK TEST

  1. Positive Control
  2. Negative Control
  3. DUST :-when we say dust it means dust which is present in the house and which contains simple dust, house dust mite, feathers from pillows/beddings, molds on foods, minerals & soil, Tobacco Smoke, Foot Tracks, Smoke, Human Hair, Paint & Varnish Flakes, Pets, Brooms and mopping, dust and cotton from clothing’s and textiles
  4. House Dust Mite (both types i.e D.pterinissnus & D. farnae)
  5. Cat dander
  6. Dog dander
  7. Mixed pollens
  8. Paper mulberry pollen
  9. Cannabis pollen
  10. Pig weed
  11. Ragweed
  12. Dock sorrel
  13. Mixed molds
  14. Alternaria spore extract
  15. Cladosporium

Asperigillus

DUST ALLERGY IS NOT DUE TO DUST BUT IT IS DUE TO SOME OF THE FOLLOWING THINGS PRESENT IN THE HOUSE DUST

CONDITIONS WE TREAT